Coffee

General information

In recent decades, Vietnam's coffee sector has grown remarkably in terms of area, yield and output. Yields of 23.5 quintals per hectare were 2.9 times higher than the world average for coffee (FAO, 2011). The average growth rate of productivity in the period 2010-2017 is 2% per year, especially for re-planted coffee gardens using new varieties in the Central Highland, productivity of Robusta coffee replanting can reach 45-60 quintals / ha, some gardens even reaching over 80 quintals per hectare (MARD). Vietnam has exported coffee to nearly 100 countries in the world with a total turnover of over US$ 2 billion annually in 2011-2017. Along with export, the quantity of domestic consumption also increased rapidly. By 2017, domestic coffee consumption has increased 3.3 times compared to 2005, reaching about 138 thousand tons, accounting for 8% of total coffee output in Vietnam (ICO statistics).

Despite many achievements in the past, the coffee sector still faces the following limitations:

The quality of export coffee is not high, mainly raw materials.

a) Organization structure and objectives:

The PPP TF on Coffee was established in May 2010 under the co-chairmanship of the Department of Crop Production and Nestle Vietnam. It has 22 members, operating on a competitive basis, aiming to develop coffee value chains to improve quality, added value and sustainable development of coffee and higher income for farmers.

b) Key outcomes:

Over the past few years, the PPP TF on Coffee has made great strides and achieved remarkable results in support of sustainable coffee development and its programs and projects such as coffee replantation. The PPP TF on Coffee guides farmers on good production practices, quality, productivity, and environmental and economic sustainability for producers. Farmer groups are formed to effectively exploit the market, improve their knowledge of technology, and link up with financial institutions and purchasing companies. These activities bring tangible benefits for farmers, increase their profitability and contribute to reducing greenhouse gas emissions.

From 2010 to date, the group has implemented a total of 256 model gardens and three PPP cooperatives in four provinces (Dak Lak, Dak Nong, Lam Dong and Gia Lai). Under the model, it has conducted ToT training courses for 65 leaders, representing 12,004 farmers in 4 provinces to share experiences, solve difficulties and strengthen the capacity of the extension network; Organized 1,200 farmer field schools for farmers in 4 provinces. It is estimated that the area of ​​coffee and the number of coffee growers benefited from the program's technical assistance activities amounted to 130 thousand hectares (20% of the country's total coffee area), and nearly 250 thousand people (out of over 500 thousand coffee farmers). The productivity of the garden coffee model increased by 12% between 2010 and 2014 and increased by more than 17% between 2015 and 2016. The average income (in 5 years) of coffee growers increased by about 14% %. The PPP model also helps to increase the size of the fruit and the cultivation method helps to make the coffee healthier. The model helps to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by using a reasonable amount of fertilizer.

Coffee PPP Task Force Action Plan in 2019-2020

Coffee PPP Task Force Leader
No. Fullname Organization
1 Lê Văn Đức Department of Crop Production
2 Ganesan Ampalavanar Nestlé
Task Forces